The VATA Dosha

 

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vata governs all movement in the mind and body. it is the principle of kinetic energy.

People with more Vata in their constitutions tend to be thin, with a slender frame and prominent joints, delicate skin that is naturally dry, and dry voluminous hair. They are quick and lively in thought, speech and action, and make friends easily. There is an element of airiness to their step, a quality of lightness in their laughter. Change is usually their second name. They are light sleepers and gravitate towards warm environments. Creativity and enthusiasm are hallmarks of balanced Vata.

If your prakriti or original constitution has more Vata in it, you will exhibit many of the characteristics and qualities of Vata when you are in balance than people who have more Pitta or Kapha in their make-up. And that's natural. But if the a given time, then the Vata in you has in all likelihood become aggravated or imbalanced, and needs to be brought back into balance. And if a predominantly Kapha or Pitta person starts exhibiting many Vata qualities, that indicates a Vata imbalance in that Kapha or Pitta body type. In both cases, it is then time to follow a Vata-balancing diet and lifestyle to help restore the level of Vata in the physiology to its normal proportion.

DESCRIPTION
The Vata dosha is defined by the inherent interaction and exchange between space and air. The amount of space affects the ability of the air to gain momentum. If space is unrestricted and boundless, the air can gain momentum and become as forceful as a hurricane. Therefore, Vata is the impulse principle or the force of mobility, responsible for all movement in the mind and body.

Vata controls breathing, blinking, movements in the muscles and tissues, pulsations in the heart, all expansion and contraction, the movements of cytoplasm and cell membranes, the movement of the single impulses in nerve cells, hearing and speech functions.

Seat of Vata: The colon; also resides in the hips, thighs, ears, bones, large intestine, pelvic cavity, and skin.
Primary sense: Touch and hearing
Colors: Yellow, ochre or brown
Season: Fall

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VATA (most common)
Lighter and thinner frame, tall or short
Prominent joints and bones
Thin, dry skin, with fine pores
Small and active eyes, usually dark brown or dark grey
Lips are generally thin and dry
Teeth tend to be small and crooked
Hair is usually dark, thin, dry and frizzy
Nails are dry and thin
Nose, hands and feet are often cold to the touch
Irregular eating, small appetites
Shorter stamina
Little perspiration
Quick speech and pace
Light, short, and often interrupted sleep
Sensitive to sound and touch

PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VATA (most common)
Creative
Imaginative and enthusiastic
Makes friends easily
Quick and lively
Learns fast
Stronger short-term memory, than long-term
Mental and physical energy come in bursts
Very active with continuously changing lifestyle
Great speakers, flowing thought patterns
Accommodating to the needs of others
Very generous with their time, money, and anything else they can offer

When Vata becomes imbalanced (excess), some of the most common things it can physically lead to are: joint pain, chills, gas, constipation, lower back pain, tremors, loss of appetite, insomnia, fainting and various other disturbing irregularities. The skin can also show signs of dehydration, flakiness, and excess or premature wrinkling.

Psychologically, out of balance Vata will be restless with anxiety, worry, and lack of focus. Overrun Vata is also nervous, fearful; unable to sit still, has constant worry, indecision and low tolerance.

Many different factors disturb Vata including stress, excess activity, strenuous exercise, constant travel, improper diet, the season of autumn, and especially an overly irregular routine.

* Take into account that these are generalized descriptions.